Kabuki literally means, song and dance. It was founded in the early 17th century in Kyoto by a female temple dancer, Izumo no Okuni.
The Golden Age of Kabuki
The late 18th Century, around 1770-1780s, is regarded as the golden age of kabuki. The theaters were full of glory, fantasy, romance and intrigue. The audience was entertained by the popular actors in lavish costumes. The playwrights poured their rich artistic imaginations to the newest forms of music and dance, and innovative theater tricks.